Hypermobility Spectrum Disorder (HSD) is caused by faulty collagen. Collagen is the 'glue' of the body which keeps joints and organs stick together.
For most people being hypermobile isn't a problem and can be quite an advantage, such as for athletes, gymnasts and dancers. But for a small percentage of people, like myself it can be very problematic.
HSD as the name suggests is a spectrum disorder which can range from mild difficulties to more severe difficulties (no just with hypermobility but how it affects other parts of the body). HSD lead onto hypermobile Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome (hEDS) based upon symptoms.
Joint hypermobiltiy refers to the joints ability to move beyond normal limits. This is tested using the Beighton Score in which each joint that is classified as being hypermobile a point is given. Their are 9 "points" in total. An alternative is the 5 point questionnaire.
SymptomsHSD and hEDS are very common in terms of symptoms.
From lax joints reoccurring subluxed/dislocated joints; easy bruising, unusual scarring and stretch marks; chronic pain and fatigue; co-morbidities such as dysautonomia including POTS; organ complications such as to the cardiac, gastro and urology; local anaesthetic having no or a reduced effect and many more.